8 Million government documents on 5 blockchains in India

Although reluctant to fully embrace crypto, India is positioning itself as a world leader in the adoption of blockchain technology through its government. No fewer than 8 million official documents are now securely hosted on five blockchains in India.

Blockchain technology at the service of the Indian administration

According to the latest data, India uses three blockchain platforms platforms to develop its government solutions: Hyperledger Fabric, Hyperledger Sawtooth and Ethereum. These infrastructures enable the creation of forgery-proof digital registers for multiple use cases.

Currently, five major blockchain projects are being deployed nationwide (VPN to India required to access the website). They concern:

  • Certification of official documents
  • Traceability of pharmaceutical products
  • Dematerialization of legal proceedings
  • Real estate title management
  • Authentication of other crucial administrative documents

This far-reaching digital transition is already federating the efforts of six Indian states and three strategic ministries: the Central Board of Secondary Education, Consumer Affairs and Justice. Millions of sensitive documents issued by these authorities are now securely and immutably hosted on government blockchains.

Thanks to this decentralized infrastructure, public bodies can offer instant online verification services for essential documents such as birth certificates, death certificates, academic diplomas and property titles. Blockchain guarantees authenticity and integrity of these vital documents, while optimizing administrative processes.

Fighting forgery with immutability via blockchains in India

This transition to blockchain aims to solve the historical problem of document forgery in India. Thanks to the immutability and traceability offered by distributed ledger technology, the Indian government can now issue verifiable and unforgeable digital certificates, thereby boosting citizen confidence.

Capitalizing on these initial successes, Indian decision-makers are accelerating the exploration of new strategic use cases for blockchain. Secure dematerialization of land registries, blood bank management, modernization of value-added taxation and optimization of public distribution systems are among the priorities.

At the same time, major economic players are already integrating blockchain accreditation solutions into their business processes. In 2023, Hindustan Petroleuma national oil and gas giant, has teamed up with Zupple Labs to deploy its blockchain-secured digital accreditation technology in its supply chain management.


While it remains cautious about cryptos, India is a pioneer in government adoption of blockchain. Already securing millions of administrative documents with this innovation, the country is embarking on a veritable digital revolution of its public systems. This far-reaching transformation is made possible by blockchain’s unique properties of transparency, immutability and disintermediation..

These first steps are significant, but they still need to be integrated industrially into organizations’ processes. It seems that the transformation has begun. Are we witnessing in India the first signs of a major profound change in terms of technology?